Distinguished Service Cross
The Distinguished Service Cross is awarded to a person who, while serving
in any capacity with the Army, distinguishes himself or herself by
extraordinary heroism not justifying the award of a Medal of Honor; while
engaged in an action against an enemy of the Unites States; while engaged
in military operations involving conflict with an opposing/foreign force;
or while serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an armed conflict
against an opposing Armed Force in which the United States is not a
belligerent party. The act or acts of heroism must have been so notable
and have involved risk of life so extraordinary as to set the individual
apart from his or her comrades.
BACKGROUND: The Distinguished Service Cross was established by President Woodrow Wilson on January 2, 1918. General Pershing, Commander-in-Chief of the Expeditionary Forces in France, had recommended that recognition other than the Medal of Honor, be authorized for the Armed Forces of the United States for service rendered, in like manner, to that awarded by the European Armies. The request for establishment of the medal was forwarded from the Secretary of War to the President in a letter dated December 28, 1917. The Act of Congress establishing this award (193-65th Congress) dated July 9, 1918 is contained in Title 10 United States Code (USC) 3742. The establishment of the Distinguished Service Cross was promulgated in War Department General Order No. 6, dated January 12, 1918.